Basic facts about osha

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Basic facts about osha

What chlorine is Chlorine is an element used in industry and found in some household products. Chlorine is sometimes in the form of a poisonous gas.

Chlorine gas can be pressurized and cooled to change it into a liquid so that it can be shipped and stored. When liquid chlorine is released, it quickly turns into a gas that stays Basic facts about osha to the ground and spreads rapidly. Chlorine gas can be recognized by its pungent, irritating odor, which is like the odor of bleach.

Basic facts about osha

The strong smell may provide adequate warning to people that they are exposed. Chlorine gas appears to be yellow-green in color. Chlorine itself is not flammable, but it can react explosively or form explosive compounds with other chemicals such as turpentine and ammonia.

Where chlorine is found and how it is used Chlorine is one of the most commonly manufactured chemicals in the United States.

What chlorine is

Its most important use is as a bleach in the manufacture of paper and cloth, but it is also used to make pesticides insect killersrubber, and solvents. Chlorine is used in drinking water and swimming pool water to kill harmful bacteria.

It is also as used as part of the sanitation process for industrial waste and sewage. Household chlorine bleach can release chlorine gas if it is mixed with certain other cleaning agents. Chlorine was used during World War I as a choking pulmonary agent.

If chlorine gas is released into the air, people may be exposed through skin contact or eye contact. They also may be exposed by breathing air that contains chlorine. If chlorine liquid is released into water, people may be exposed by touching or drinking water that contains chlorine.

If chlorine liquid comes into contact with food, people may be exposed by eating the contaminated food. Chlorine gas is heavier than air, so it would settle in low-lying areas.

How chlorine works The extent of poisoning caused by chlorine depends on the amount of chlorine a person is exposed to, how the person was exposed, and the length of time of the exposure. When chlorine gas comes into contact with moist tissues such as the eyes, throat, and lungs, an acid is produced that can damage these tissues.

Immediate signs and symptoms of chlorine exposure During or immediately after exposure to dangerous concentrations of chlorine, the following signs and symptoms may develop: Blurred vision Burning pain, redness, and blisters on the skin if exposed to gas.

Skin injuries similar to frostbite can occur if it is exposed to liquid chlorine Burning sensation in the nose, throat, and eyes Coughing Chest tightness Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.

Thesemay appear immediately if high concentrations of chlorine gas are inhaled, or they may be delayed if low concentrations of chlorine gas are inhaled. Fluid in the lungs pulmonary edema that may be delayed for a few hours Nausea and vomiting Watery eyes Wheezing Showing these signs or symptoms does not necessarily mean that a person has been exposed to chlorine.

What the long-term health effects are Long-term complications may occur after breathing in high concentrations of chlorine.

Complications are more likely to be seen in people who develop severe health problems such as fluid in the lungs pulmonary edema following the initial exposure. How people can protect themselves, and what they should do if they are exposed to chlorine Leave the area where the chlorine was released and get to fresh air.

Quickly moving to an area where fresh air is available is highly effective in reducing exposure to chlorine. If the chlorine release was outdoors, move away from the area where the chlorine was released.

Go to the highest ground possible, because chlorine is heavier than air and will sink to low-lying areas. If the chlorine release was indoors, get out of the building.Drill Press Safety Rules The drill press comes in a floor or bench-mounted model.

It has a motor driven head that has a chuck that accepts bits or cutters. It also has an adjustable table on which the work is mounted. It is operated by pulling a rotary lever which lowers the drill bit. This article originally appeared in the August issue of Occupational Health & Safety.

About the Author Karen D.


Hamel, CSP, WACH, is a regulatory compliance professional, trainer, and. Basic workplace safety tips include training workers on safety procedures; reducing hazards by modifying workplace conditions rather than adding security measures; and performing safety tests and inspections, according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

The Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), better known as Cal/OSHA, protects workers from health and safety hazards on the job in almost every workplace in California through its research and standards, enforcement, and consultation programs.

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