In this respect, with the possibility of misinterpretations, von Bertalanffy  believed a general theory of systems "should be an important regulative device in science", to guard against superficial analogies that "are useless in science and harmful in their practical consequences". Others remain closer to the direct systems concepts developed by the original theorists. For example, Ilya Prigogineof the Center for Complex Quantum Systems at the University of Texas, Austin, has studied emergent propertiessuggesting that they offer analogues for living systems.
This underlies strategic management, which seeks to capitalize on change.
Of course, rates of change vary, calling for different strategies. Rapid change characterizes dynamic environments -- vigorous marketplace activity, new and evolving products, expanding markets, advancing technology, social revolutions -- and rapid change usually includes uncertainty.
This study originally arose out of an e-mail discussion with Rafael Capurro at the artefactphil discussion group in I am therefore indebted to him for important impulses. Cf. Rafael Capurro's analogous article Beiträge zu einer digitalen Ontologie (Contribution to a Digital Ontology), from which the present study deviates . The term “tipping point” commonly refers to a critical threshold at which a tiny perturbation can qualitatively alter the state or development of a system. Here we introduce the term “tipping element” to describe large-scale components of the Earth system that may pass a tipping point. We critically evaluate potential policy-relevant tipping elements in the climate system . Since , the MIT Technology Review has released their list of the 10 most important technological innovations that emerged each year. The editors selected each item based on its potential to.
To adapt, the small business owner should not only know that fast-moving conditions and some degree of unpredictability represent dynamic environments, but also should know where to look for signs of accelerating change.
Political The macro-environment refers to the conditions all companies encounter regardless of specific industry.
A PEST analysis scans the political, economic, social and technological macro-environments for elements that affect business.
The small business owner should make it a habit to analyze the macro-environment for elements that open the door to change. In the political arena, deregulation, for instance, might fuel a dynamic business environment. Economic Economic changes can spark a dynamic business environment, too.
Falling prices for needed raw resources may do the same. Look for circumstances that provide an impetus for action. Societal Sociocultural conditions can act to catalyze the business environment.
Social networking has changed industry thinking about how to connect with markets. In the news industry, for instance, anchors now regularly ask viewers to tweet information or to follow them on Facebook, seeking to interact rather than merely present.
Shifting demographics may also lead to a dynamic environment, as businesses respond with new and improved products and services. Aging baby boomers have sparked such a shift in the plastic surgery, cosmetics and vitamin industries.
Technological A new invention or discovery can revolutionize an industry.
The small business owner should be on the lookout for innovations that promise to change the way business is conducted. The invention of the printing press, the automobile and refrigeration opened opportunities for those who could see the implications of the new technologies. Sometimes a breakthrough heralds a period of continual technological advancement.
Such is the case in the cellphone industry. Releasing phones from wall jacks was revolutionary enough. Now phones can open garage doors.
Such continuous change signals a dynamic business environment. Market New players in a marketplace can become change agents, especially if these competitors are aggressive or employ new approaches to courting customers or creating products. Additionally, the markets themselves may create dynamic conditions.
HANDY is a 4-variable thought-experiment model for interaction of humans and nature.. The focus is on predicting long-term behavior rather than short-term forecasting. • Carrying Capacity is developed as a practical measure for forecasting collapses. Vol.7, No.3, May, Mathematical and Natural Sciences. Study on Bilinear Scheme and Application to Three-dimensional Convective Equation (Itaru . In this paper we consider a diff?usion process obtained as a small random perturbation of a dynamical system attracted to a stable equilibrium point.
For instance, untapped markets in foreign locations may open, presenting vast new opportunities. Examining market events, the small business owner should consider both direct and indirect effects on the company.Tracking a rapidly changing system is similar to estimating a rapidly changing function.
When adaptive linear methods are used, the rapidly changing feature of the system can be lost. In this paper we consider a diff?usion process obtained as a small random perturbation of a dynamical system attracted to a stable equilibrium point.
The jobs required by information technology, as well as the technology itself, are changing the social system of your organization. Information technology is key to a firm’s competitiveness — organizations that are unable to adapt to the rapid pace of technology change will .
CHANGING DYNAMICAL SYSTEM OF A TECHNOLOGICAL SUBSTITUTION MODEL A.L.
Panya*, Enu N. Ekaka-a* [email protected] *Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt. Abstract It is a well known fact that a dynamical system will change its stability behavior due to changes in the model parameters.
This article by historian of science Alan D. Beyerchen is an excellent introduction to mathematical nonlinearity.
It also demonstrates that the world-view of the famous 19th century Prussian military theorist Carl von Clausewitz can easily be . Programme Educational Objectives. PEO I: Our graduates will have professional competency in the field of Computer Science and Engineering to investigate, analyze and demonstrate problem solving skills across broad range of application areas with sound technical expertise.