Page M1 — Assess different psychological approaches to study………………………………………………. Page 15 P1 — Explain the principal psychological perspectives For this assignment I will be explaining the main psychological perspectives, these are views that involve certain assumptions about the human behaviour and the way humans function. Although there are several theories in each approach they all share very common assumptions. Behaviourist Perspectives Pavlov — It is believed to be possible that we can classical condition train humans to behave in a certain way.
P1 explain the principal psychological perspectives M1 assess different psychological approaches to study P2 explain different psychological approaches to health practice M2 compare two psychological approaches to health and social care service provision.
D1 evaluate two psychological approaches to health and social care service provision. P3 explain different psychological approaches to social care practice P1: The conditional stimuli is food, the dog salivating is the unconditional response, and the ringing of the bell is the conditional stimulus.
As he was able to make the dog associate the ringing of the bell to food. He had a rat in a cage with a leaver and a low voltage current that would shock the rat if he carried out a specific action.
This is known as positive and negative reinforcement. Skinner compared his experiment to humans and gambling by saying that by continuing to play they are waiting for the reward of money. The main contributor of this theory is Albert Bandura, he claims that for behaviour to be learnt successfully there needs to be availability; this is a present model from where behaviour can be learnt i.
There must also be attention this means that in order of someone to learn attentiveness is required. Retention is the maintenance of the learnt behaviour i.
Another part of this theory is reproduction i. The final stage is motivation; full motivation is required in order to pattern the behaviour.
This shows that people learn from their environments and what they were exposed to. They say that are mind is made up of three parts, the id, ego and super ego. The id is the purest state of the mind. The id is more assertive The super ego are the values that have formed via socialisation and maturity, this controls the id.
The superego is conformist it considers how we are supposed to behave according to society. The ego is what balances your ego and moral fibre. The ego is rational and realistic, because it tends to look at the bigger pictures and think things through. It keeps your desires realistic and under control.
According to Freud our development as an infant influences our personalities as adults. Erik Erikson Erikson felt that Freud focused too much on sex and pleasure rather than on individual needs to be part of society and live a fulfilling and productive life.
The first stage of development according to Erikson is Trust vs Mistrust, this occurs during year, this is when an infant is entirely dependent on others, once all needs are met the infant develops a feeling of trust and when the needs are not met they develop a feeling of mistrust.
The second stage is Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt which occurs at years where the child is more mobile and free as in they are able to do small things happening. Shame and doubt a happens because the child is too controlled which may lead to confusion and doubt in their own abilities.
Stage three years Initiative vs Guilt, initiative develops when the child is encouraged to try new thing and develop new skills. The guilt develops when the child is not encouraged to try new things. The fourth stage is Industry vs Inferiority years. Industrial children tend to be very busy and inquisitive and very creative.
They begin to have role models and decide what they want to be. Inferiority occurs when a child is encouraged to do things they are unable to carry out and unfavourable comparisons are made with other children.
Stage five identity vs. You develop a sense of self through physical change, intellectual changes. Role confusion occurs when you are confused about your role in society.Feb 11, · Unit 8 psychological perspectives.
Posted on February 11, February 11, by Isha kamara. Psychology. M1& D1. In this section of my assessment, I will assess the Strengths and Weaknesses of two perspectives. This perspective can also be used in a health and social care aspect, for example; reinforcement and punishment.
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Health and Social Care Level 3 Unit 8 Describe the application of behaviorist perspectives in health and social care. (P1) Operant conditioning is a type of behavior modification which can.
This covers P1 and M1 of Unit 8 Psychology. Study Level.
BTEC. Examinator. Pearson. Subject. Health and Social Care. Sociological Perspectives for Health and Social Care Unit 14 - Physiological Disorders Unit 6 - Personal and Professional Development in Health and Social Care*.
Description of Unit. The aim of this Unit is to introduce the learner to the different psychological perspectives and to encourage the application of these approaches to the study of health and social care. Unit 7: Sociological Perspectives for Health and Social Care Unit code: M// QCF Level 3: BTEC Nationals Credit value: 5 Guided learning hours: 30 M1 Sociological approaches You work for local government.
Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Health and Social Care. Jun 17, · Unit 8 Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care P1 – Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of the life stages of your chosen celebrity.
P2 – Explain the potential effects of five different life factors, on the development of an individual.