Responsibility[ edit ] In writing a historical poem, poets have a slightly different responsibility than do historians. A modern historian is expected to present factually correct narratives. A poet who writes historical poems can adhere to this ideal, but may also use artistic license to communicate ideas beyond mere fact, such as mythical or emotional truths. Contemporary poets such as Lavonne J.
Simile - contrasting to seemingly unalike things to enhance the meaning of a situation or theme using like or as What happens to a dream deferred, does it dry up like a raisin in the sun Hyperbole - exaggeration I have a million things to do today.
Personification - giving non-human objects human characteristics America has thrown her hat into the ring, and will be joining forces with the British. Foot - grouping of stressed and unstressed syllables used in line or poem Iamb - unstressed syllable followed by stressed Made famous by the Shakespearian sonnet, closest to the natural rhythm of human speech How do I love thee?
The iamb stumbles through my books; trochees rush and tumble; while anapest runs like a hurrying brook; dactyls are stately and classical. Remember, though the most immediate forms of imagery are visual, strong and effective imagery can be used to invoke an emotional, sensational taste, touch, smell etc or even physical response.
Suspense - The tension that the author uses to create a feeling of discomfort about the unknown Conflict - Struggle between opposing forces. Exposition - Background information regarding the setting, characters, plot.
Point of View - pertains to who tells the story and how it is told. The point of view of a story can sometimes indirectly establish the author's intentions. Narrator - The person telling the story who may or may not be a character in the story. Second person - Narrator addresses the reader directly as though she is part of the story.
Does not assume character's perspective and is not a character in the story. The narrator reports on events and lets the reader supply the meaning.
Omniscient - All-knowing narrator multiple perspectives. The narrator knows what each character is thinking and feeling, not just what they are doing throughout the story.
This type of narrator usually jumps around within the text, following one character for a few pages or chapters, and then switching to another character for a few pages, chapters, etc. Rhythm is the juxtaposition of stressed and unstressed beats in a poem, and is often used to give the reader a lens through which to move through the work.
See meter and foot Setting - the place or location of the action. The setting provides the historical and cultural context for characters. It often can symbolize the emotional state of characters. Speaker - the person delivering the poem.
Remember, a poem does not have to have a speaker, and the speaker and the poet are not necessarily one in the same. Structure fiction - The way that the writer arranges the plot of a story. Repeated elements in action, gesture, dialogue, description, as well as shifts in direction, focus, time, place, etc.
Structure poetry - The pattern of organization of a poem.
For example, a Shakespearean sonnet is a line poem written in iambic pentameter. Because the sonnet is strictly constrained, it is considered a closed or fixed form. Symbolism - when an object is meant to be representative of something or an idea greater than the object itself.
Cross - representative of Christ or Christianity Bald Eagle - America or Patriotism Owl - wisdom or knowledge Yellow - implies cowardice or rot Tone - the implied attitude towards the subject of the poem.
In short form, this is a poem that was inspired by the Statue of Liberty. In the poem, Lazarus depicts the Statue of Liberty as a woman who is welcoming all of those who need a home, and she names her the Mother of Exiles.
How to Write a Literary Analysis. In this Article: Article Summary Taking Notes and Developing Your Argument Outlining the Paper Writing Your Essay Polishing Your Essay Community Q&A A literary analysis is the process where you read a literary work very closely to figure out how the author gets their main points across.
If you print or download from this site, please consider making at least a $ donation through PayPal. Sandra Effinger [email protected] DropBox Access -- Binder from summer workshops ( pages), various lists and handouts housed on my r etired AP English page have been migrated.
An invitation will be issued to $ donors. Read a poem with a pencil in your hand. Mark it up; write in the margins; react to it; get involved with it.
Circle important, or striking, or repeated words. Draw lines to connect related ideas. Mark difficult or confusing words, lines, and passages. Read through the poem several times, both.
Summary "Daddy," comprised of sixteen five-line stanzas, is a brutal and venomous poem commonly understood to be about Plath's deceased father, Otto Plath. The speaker begins by saying that he "does not do anymore," and that she feels like she has been a foot living in a black shoe for thirty years, too timid to either breathe or sneeze.
Students are asked to write literary analysis essays because this type of assignment encourages you to think about how and why a poem, short story, novel, or play was written. To successfully analyze literature, you’ll need to remember that authors make specific choices for particular reasons.