William Lyon Mackenzie King accomplished a lot in his twenty-0ne years of ministering Canada! He had no uninteresting images, he gave no repetitive speeches, and he champions no drastic stage. He is remembered for his easygoing, passive compromise and conciliation.
Roosevelt, Canadian PM W. Leader of the Liberal Partyand prime minister for almost 22 of those years, King was the dominant political figure in an era of major changes.
By the time he left office, Canada had achieved greater independence from Britain and a stronger international voice, and had implemented policies such as unemployment insurance in response to industrialization, economic distress, and changing social realities.
As deputy minister of labour, King acted as conciliator in a number of strikes, and was the main influence behind the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act ofa landmark piece of legislation which delayed strikes or lockouts in public utilities or mines until a conciliation board achieved a settlement or published a report.
King was defeated in the federal election and the conscription election. He maintained his connections with the Liberal Party, but during the war acted as a labour consultant and was employed by the Rockefeller Foundation.
His book Industry and Humanity outlined his view that there were four parties to industry — capital, management, labour and society — and that the government, acting on behalf of society, had an interest in the peaceful resolution of industrial disputes.
Two years later the Liberals won a bare majority in the federal election and King became prime minister. He set out to regain the confidence of the farmers in Ontario and western Canada who had supported the new Progressive Partybut his reductions in tariffs and freight rates were not enough, and after the election the Liberals could stay in office only with Progressive support.
During the first session of the new Parliament, it became clear that the Progressives would withdraw their support because of a scandal in the Department of Customs. King therefore asked Governor General Viscount Byng for a dissolution.
However, Byng refused and called on Arthur Meighen to form a Conservative government, which was defeated in the House a few days later.
In the prosperous years after the Liberal government provided a cautious administration which reduced the federal debt.
Its only initiative was an Old-Age Pension scheme. King insisted on Canadian autonomy in relations with the United Kingdom and contributed to the definition of Dominion status at the Imperial Conference; according to the resultant Balfour ReportBritish dominions were defined as autonomous and equal members of the British Commonwealth of Nations.
This satisfied King, who was loyal to the British empire while also championing sovereignty for Canada.
It is perhaps instructive that he did not even note the stock market crash of in his personal diary. King did not believe at first that the Depression would seriously affect Canada, and refused to provide federal funding to provinces struggling with unemployment.
In contrast, the Conservatives under R. Bennett promised aggressive action, and the Liberals were soundly defeated in the election. King was an effective Opposition leaderkeeping his party united as he attacked Bennett for unfulfilled promises and rising unemployment and deficits.
His only alternative policy, however, was to reduce trade barriers. In the Liberal Party campaigned on the slogan "King or Chaos," and was returned to office with a comfortable majority. However, the economic downturn in left the government with high relief costs and no coherent economic response.
See also Great Depression. The Second World War Developments abroad, from the Ethiopian crisis to the Munich crisis, forced King to pay more attention to international affairs, and he hoped war could be averted through appeasement.
When they met in JuneHitler reassured King that Germany had no desire for war. Britain declared war on Germany in September ; the Canadian Parliament was recalled in an emergency session, and, with only token opposition, King declared that Canada was at war.
King called a snap election early in and his government was returned with an increased majority. Co-operation between the government and business and labour leaders shifted Canadian industrial production to a wartime footing, and unemployment fell dramatically.Oct 25, · The Mackenzie King Estate was created by William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canada’s tenth and longest serving prime minister.
During a career that spanned some fifty years — almost half of that as prime minister — King guided Canada from semi-colonial status to complete autonomy. William Lyon Mackenzie King, prime minister of King was the dominant political figure in an era of major changes.
As Canada’s longest-serving prime minister, King steered Canada William Lyon Mackenzie King: A Life Guided by the Hand of Destiny (); Mackenzie King: Citizenship and Community: Essays Marking the th.
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- Mackenzie King was the longest serving Prime Minister of Canada (Neatby, ).
For many King was a great and effective Prime Minister. But for others, he was ineffective due to his “5 cent speech”, racist behavior and lastly for his strong spiritual beliefs. Biography of Mackenzie King, The Longest Serving Prime Minister of Canada - Mackenzie King was the longest serving Prime Minister of Canada (Neatby, ).
For many King was a great and effective Prime Minister. But for others, he was ineffective due to his “5 cent speech”, racist behavior and lastly for his strong spiritual beliefs. Mackenzie King served as prime minister of Canada for 21 years of his life. He was inspired by two people in his life, his mother, Isabel Mackenzie, and his grandfather, William Lyon.
Throughout his 21 years as Prime Minister, he had faced with many hard decision for the country.