Introduction Case study research has grown in reputation as an effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings. Case study designs have been used across a number of disciplines, particularly the social sciences, education, business, law, and health, to address a wide range of research questions.
Study Design Measures How To Create a Research Methodology When formulating methodology, it is critical to consider the types of methods that will most accurately and efficiently answer the research questions.
For more information about this, please see the section on Assessing Behavioral Changes: Study Measures Measures are the items in a research study to which the participant responds. Research measures include survey questions, interview questions, or constructed situations.
When constructing interviews and surveys, it is important that the questions directly relate to the research questions.
Furthermore, it is important that the surveys and interviews are not extremely time-consuming ideally within a minute limit.
Simple questions that avoid ambiguity will lead to more accurate responses, particularly if a translator is being used. Lastly, before creating a survey, a thorough literature review should be conducted to determine if a similar study has already been conducted.
If so, previous surveys should be used to yield standardized measures for comparison. Irrespective of the form that these measures take, there are several important design elements that are required to make the study effective.
Take into account the characteristics of the participant. Use informal language that a layperson will understand.
Be respectful of the cultural context in which the participant has shaped his or her worldview. Provide neither too much nor too little information. Too much information can be an unnecessary distraction, while too little information leads to ambiguity and potential misinterpretation of the study measure.
Be brief and specific. Avoid negations, as they can lead to mistakes and can be difficult to understand. Use multiple questions to assess the same construct.
Instead, asking that person several questions about body image, self-worth, and self-evaluation can help paint a better picture of how they are really feeling. Self-reporting may also be useful for logistical reasons, as it is often the simplest research method to implement and requires the fewest resources.
Self-report measures, whether in survey form or in interview form, are susceptible to bias and therefore must be designed carefully by the researcher. The researcher also must be cautious about what kinds of conclusions are drawn from these measures.
Some potential issues with self-report are: Participants are usually uncomfortable or unwilling to share information that does not reflect well on them in their social environment, even if they know their responses are entirely anonymous.
For example, participants may understate or overstate the extent to which they experience a certain feeling, depending on how socially appropriate or desirable they believe that feeling to be.Case Study Research and Applications: Design and Methods [Robert K. Yin] on lausannecongress2018.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Recognized as one of the most cited methodology . Research Methodology chapter describes research methods, approaches and designs in detail highlighting those used throughout the study, justifying my choice through describing advantages and disadvantages of each approach and design taking into account their practical applicability to our research.
It gives direction and systematizes the research. Different types of research designs have different advantages and disadvantages. "Essentials of Research Design and Methodology" by Geoffrey R Marczyk. Check out our quiz-page with tests about: Case Study Research Design - How to conduct a .
Element. Description. The case.
Object of the case study identified as the entity of interest or unit of analysis. Program, individual, group, social situation, organization, event, phenomena, or process.
Clinical study design is the formulation of trials and experiments, as well as observational studies in medical, clinical and other types of research (e.g., epidemiological) involving human beings. The goal of a clinical study is to assess the safety, efficacy, and / or the mechanism of action of an investigational medicinal product or procedure, or new drug or device that is in development. Lesson A Assessing the Methodology of the Study: There are four main aspects of the research methodology: design, sampling, data collection, the data analysis. Introduction. Methodology is perhaps the most challenging and laborious part of research work. Essentially, the methodology helps to understand the broad philosophical approach behind methods of research you chose to employ for your study. This means that your methodology chapter should clearly state whether you chose to use quantitative or qualitative data collection techniques or a mixture.
The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data.
Research is the foundation of effective decision making and knowledge creation. The research process has been refined over the years to a level of sophistication that, while yielding actionable results, may appear daunting to those not immersed in its practice.