Thanks for posting those social stories, Nicole. If anyone else has some social stories to share, by all means post them here.
Origin[ edit ] In the 18th century, Mikhail Thesis on autism propagated a theory that words containing certain sounds should bear certain meanings; for instance, the front vowel sounds E, I, YU should be used when depicting tender subjects and those with back vowel sounds O, U, Y when describing things that may cause fear "like anger, envy, pain, and sorrow".
Central to what de Saussure says about words are two related statements: First, he says that "the sign is arbitrary".
He considers the words that we use to indicate things and concepts could be any words — they are essentially just a consensus agreed upon by the speakers of a language and have no discernible pattern or relationship to the thing.
Second, he says that, because words are arbitrary, they have meaning only in relation to other words. A dog is a dog because it is not a cat or a mouse or a horse, etc. These ideas have permeated the study of words since the 19th century.
Types[ edit ] Margaret Magnus is the author of a comprehensive book designed to explain phonosemantics to the lay reader: Gods in the Word. This work describes three types of sound symbolism using a model first proposed by Wilhelm von Humboldt see below: Onomatopoeia This is the least significant type of symbolism.
It is simply imitative of sounds or suggests something that makes a sound. Some examples are "crash", "bang", and "whoosh". Clustering[ edit ] Words that share a sound sometimes have something in common. If we take, for example, words that have no prefix or suffix and group them according to meaning, some of them will fall into a number of categories.
This proportion is, according to Magnus, above the average for other letters.
Another hypothesis states that if a word begins with a particular phoneme, then there is likely to be a number of other words starting with that phoneme that refer to the same thing. Sound symbolic words cannot be broken down into smaller units of meaning. Sound clusters are not treated as morphemes.
Iconism[ edit ] Iconism, according to Magnus, becomes apparent when comparing words which have the same sort of referent.
One way is to look at a group of words that all refer to the same thing and that differ only in their sound, such as 'stamp', 'stomp', 'tamp', 'tromp', 'tramp', and 'step'. Magnus suggests that this kind of iconism is universal across languages.
Phenomimes and psychomimes[ edit ] Some languages possess a category of words midway between onomatopoeia and usual words. Whereas onomatopoeia refers to the use of words to imitate actual sounds, there are languages known for having a special class of words that "imitate" soundless states or events, called phenomimes when they describe external phenomena and psychomimes when they describe psychological states.
On a scale that orders all words according to the correlation between their meaning and their sound, with the sound-imitating words like meow and whack at one end, and with the conventional words like water and blue at the other end, the phenomimes and the psychomimes would be somewhere in the middle.
In the case of the Japanese language, for example, such words are learned in early childhood and are considerably more effective than usual words in conveying feelings and states of mind or in describing states, motions, and transformations.
Like Japanese, the Korean language also has a relatively high proportion of phenomimes and psychomimes. History of phonosemantics[ edit ] Several ancient traditions exist which talk about an archetypal relationship between sounds and ideas. Some of these are discussed below, but there are others as well.
If we include a link between letters and ideas then the list includes the Viking Runesthe Hebrew Kabbalahthe Arab Abjadetc.The Autism and Related Conditions MSc is designed for healthcare professionals, educators, social care professionals or psychologists who wish to develop their understanding of this lifelong neurodevelopmental condition.
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In response to a private message, I tried to gather social stories and other resources related to hitting, pushing, spitting and making noise.
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