Young children and their nutrition

General statistics[ edit ] The World Bank estimates that India is one of the highest ranking countries in the world for the number of children suffering from malnutrition. The prevalence of underweight children in India is among the highest in the world, and is nearly double that of Sub Saharan Africa with dire consequences for mobility, mortality, productivity and economic growth. The combination of people living in poverty and the recent economic growth of India has led to the co-emergence of two types of malnutrition:

Young children and their nutrition

In the Australian climate, children, especially young ones, can become dehydrated. So, drinking regularly is very important. Although fruit juice can provide some valuable nutrients, children should not consume too much of it.

Sugary soft drinks, fruit drinks and cordials provide unnecessary kilojoules. They may also replace healthier drinks such as water and milk, and contribute to tooth decay. Water Water is an essential nutrient for life, needed for many processes in the body. The body constantly loses water through the skin and lungs.

Young Children | NAEYC

Active children may become dehydrated more easily than adults, so it is important to replace fluids regularly throughout the school day. Plain water should be the most commonly consumed drink, as it provides fluid without any kilojoules.

In addition to water, milk also provides at least 10 essential nutrients. Not only is it the largest contributor of the calcium in the Australian diet, but it also contains most of the nutrients needed for human life. For very young children, the fat in milk is an important source of energy, as well as providing vitamins and other important nutrients.

Milk — Naturally Nutrient Rich Milk is known as nutrient-rich as it provides a high proportion of essential nutrients in relation to the number of kilojoules it contains. Benefits of drinking milk Researchers have also discovered that children who drink milk tend to have: Childhood and adolescence is a time of rapid growth and a critical period for building healthy bones.

By the midtwenties, peak bone mass maximum bone density is reached. It is essential to eat enough calcium-rich foods and do regular physical activity high impact or weight bearing during the first twenty years of life to help achieve a healthy maximum bone density.

Although milk contains some natural sugar called lactoseit also contains plenty of tooth-friendly nutrients such as casein, calcium and phosphorous. This means that dentists around the world agree that plain milk is safe for teeth between meals.

Flavoured milk Flavoured milk contains the same 10 essential nutrients as plain milk, and in the same levels. While it does have some added sugar, the amount added is usually less than that used in many soft drinks and other sweetened drinks. Also, the tooth friendly nutrients in flavoured milk can help to protect teeth from the extra sugar.


Fruit juice Fruit juice is fine in small amounts as it contains nutrients like vitamin C, folate and some antioxidants. However, most types of fruit juice naturally contain a similar amount of sugar and kilojoules to soft drinks but far fewer essential nutrients than milk.

It is better to encourage children to eat fruit and vegetables rather than drink fruit juice. Not only do fruit and vegetables provide dietary fibre which is removed in juicethey also tend to be more filling and less likely to contribute to poor dental health. Sweetened drinks Soft drinks and other highly sweetened drinks such as cordial and fruit drinks generally provide kilojoules but few nutrients.

If children consume large amounts of sweetened drinks or fruit juice they can end up with an unbalanced diet, particularly if these drinks replace milk. They may also be at increased risk of tooth decay and obesity.

Young children and their nutrition

Hydration is obviously the first consideration when selecting drinks, but nutrition and the nutrients provided by the drink should also be considered. Unfortunately Australian children are not meeting their requirements for certain nutrients. Dairy foods are a key source of calcium in the Australian diet; however the survey also showed a substantial decline in intake of milk products and dishes as children age.

The Australian Dietary Guidelines, Australian childhood obesity experts and dentists recommend milk and water as the best drinks for children. So make the main drink choices in your school, water and milk!

Young children and their nutrition

Please see the attached Fact Sheet for more information about Drinks for Children Nutrition Australia would like to acknowledge Dairy Australia as the author of this resource.The reasons not to give IQ tests to young children are compelling.

As the Youth & Education Ambassador for Mensa®, I receive inquiries every day (sometimes with accompanying videos) from parents (and grandparents) wanting to know how to get a young child tested. Mensa allows youth fourteen and over to take the Mensa Admissions Test, [ ].

About children’s health and nutrition. Learning about healthy lifestyles contributes to children’s sense of wellbeing and builds their confidence in themselves. A voice for young children. Free e-newsletter Subscribe to our e-newsletter to receive all the latest early childhood news.

for Young Children Provider Handbook for the Child and Adult Care Food Program. mproving child nutrition is the focal point of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of (HHFKA), that will impact children in their care.

These positive changes are possible only through the collaborative. This report is the fourth in a series of national statistical reports on young people aged years, produced by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Celebrate young children and their families with hands-on activities encouraging movement and healthy lifestyles through music, food, and art.

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WHO | Global strategy for infant and young child feeding